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If you're truly undecided, this is the place to be. All of the schools in our database, listed alphabetically, with longer descriptions. Want to narrow down your choices by cost, location, degrees offered or number of reviews? Head on over to Filter & Sort view.

Academy of Art

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Location: San Francisco, California
Approx. annual tuition: $22,086
Degrees offered: AA, BA, BFA, MA, MArch, MFA

The Academy of Art University was established in San Francisco in 1929 by Richard S. Stephens, a fine art painter who had accepted the position of Creative Director for Sunset Magazine. Assisted by his wife, Mrs. Clara Stephens, he opened the new school in a rented loft at 215 Kearny Street to teach advertising art. In a few years, a distinguished faculty of practicing art and design professionals was assembled and the school’s philosophy was formulated: hire established professionals to teach future professionals. In 1933 the curriculum was expanded to include Fashion Illustration, and in 1936 a Fine Art Department was added.

Today the University has nearly 12,000 students, making it the largest private school of art and design in the country. Students now have the opportunity to pursue a Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Arts, Associate of Arts, Master of Fine Arts, Master of Arts, Master of Architecture or a Certificate Program, with over 30 areas of academic emphasis.

Location: Pasadena, California
Approx. annual tuition: $35,980
Degrees offered: BA, BFA, BS, MFA, MS

Art Center College of Design has been a leader in art and design education for nearly 75 years. The College offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a wide range of disciplines, as well as Public Programs offering design education to all ages and levels of experience. Fundamental to Art Center’s core curricula is a commitment to social and cultural engagement and giving students the tools and skills with which to effect change and address real-world issues. Art Center is located in Pasadena, California, with classes held at its Hillside Campus and new South Campus in downtown Pasadena.

Location: Multi-city
Approx. annual tuition:
Degrees offered:

The Art Institutes is a system of more than 45 education institutions located throughout North America. We are America’s Leader in Creative Education. For students, we provide hands-on education in the creative and applied arts by offering master’s, bachelor’s and associate’s degree programs as well as nondegree programs. For employers, we provide an important source of culinary, design, fashion and media arts professionals.

At the Art Institutes schools, our curriculum is carefully scrutinized and developed by industry professionals and prominent employers who tell us what skills are needed in the workplace. This means that your education is relevant, practical and hands-on. In fact, the classroom often mimics what you’ll find on the job. Many of our faculty members continue to also work professionally in the fields they are teaching, so you’ll have an opportunity to learn what’s currently happening in your chosen field. In all of our programs, technology and media help you to realize your vision.

Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota
Approx. annual tuition: $29,400
Degrees offered:

There are design schools, ad schools, art schools, portfolio schools, technical schools, photography schools, film schools and business schools. All of them have their place, and in the end one of them might be right for you. Brainco is the first school to integrate creative, strategy and technology across so many different disciplines. We’re a haven for folks who are looking for a curriculum that will not only allow them to hit the ground running but to have long, successful careers and eventually be the innovators of our industry. We’ve worked with current industry leaders to create a whole new kind of school. A practical school. A Smart. Creative. School.

Location: Multi-city
Approx. annual tuition: $19,620
Degrees offered: BFA, BS, MFA

Whether you are interested in pursuing a photography degree or want to gain additional skills in film, graphic design or visual journalism, you can find a program at Brooks Institute that meets your needs. Our undergraduate and master’s degree programs cater to students who are new to the fields of photography, film, graphic design and visual journalism as well as those who seek new skills to advance an established career.

Brooks Institute’s multidisciplinary approach to education promotes collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity to help students become technologically adept and visually sophisticated. Our faculty of award-winning industry professionals and academics help students discover their creative style as they grow toward becoming trained professionals. See for yourself how Brooks Institute can help you pursue your goals. Learn more about our photography, filmmaking, visual journalism, and graphic design degree programs today.

Location: San Francisco, California
Approx. annual tuition: $41,592
Degrees offered: BA, BArch, BFA, MA, MAAD, MArch, MBA, MFA

Founded in 1907, California College of the Arts is the largest regionally accredited, independent, nonprofit school of art and design in the western United States. There are two campuses which, combined, currently enroll more than 1,600 full-time students.

San Francisco: Located in the Potrero Hill neighborhood, the San Francisco campus is home to the college’s graduate programs, undergraduate programs in architecture and design, and the CCA Wattis Institute.

Oakland: The historic four-acre Oakland campus is home to the college’s undergraduate programs in art. First-year studios, residence halls, and the Center for Art and Public Life are also located here.

Location: Valencia, California
Approx. annual tuition: $41,700
Degrees offered: BFA, MA, MFA

As an internationally recognized school for the performing and visual arts—film, theater, art, dance, music and writing—the CalArts artistic philosophy places an emphasis on an exploration of new paths beyond conventional boundaries.

The CalArts educational philosophy is based on close collegial interaction between teachers and students—in class, in production and in one-to-one mentoring. This approach combines rigorous instruction with individualized attention, a process that empowers students to define their own personal objectives—and to develop and refine their own distinctive artistic voices. Given more creative freedom than at traditional art schools and conservatories, our students, in turn, are self-motivated, passionate, and deeply committed to their work. They are accepted into CalArts primarily on the basis of their artistic ability; once here, they produce art from day one.

Location: Chicago, Illinois
Approx. annual tuition: $14,400
Degrees offered:

How Long does it take to put together a book? It takes thousands of ideas. It takes hundreds of ads. It takes 15-20 samples.

At the Chicago Portfolio School, it takes a year. A year of your undivided attention working on a year’s worth of great assignments. A year with the latest software comping up the best of your ideas. A year of showing work to award-winning instructors and tutors. Granted, a year is not a whole lot of time to put together a great book and time passes quickly. So we’ll have to work fast. And work smart.

But if you work your ass off, a year is all you need.

Location: Detroit, Michigan
Approx. annual tuition: $35,700
Degrees offered: BFA, MFA

CCS offers Bachelor of Fine Arts degrees in 11 majors and Master of Fine Arts degrees in two majors. The B.F.A. degree requires completion of 126 credit hours: 84 in studio areas and 42 in general studies courses. In addition to coursework in their chosen major, first-year students will take courses in the Foundation Department, where they will study drawing, color theory, and basic design. Students in all majors will also take courses in the Liberal Arts Department, designed to provide them with an understanding of the larger social and cultural context in which they live. Typical weekly schedules for full-time students comprise 24 studio hours and six academic hours.

Location: Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Approx. annual tuition: $30,688
Degrees offered: MArch, MFA

Cranbrook Academy of Art is an independent graduate degree-granting institution offering an intense studio-based experience where artists-in-residence mentor students in art, architecture and design to creatively influence contemporary culture.

Cranbrook Art Museum is an educational institution that provides direct experience with modern and contemporary art, architecture and design, and promotes an understanding of their relevance and contribution to society. As a partner of Cranbrook Academy of Art, Cranbrook Art Museum is a window to the Academy and the Academy’s window to the world.

Cranbrook Academy of Art is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD). The Architecture program is not professionally accredited.

Location: Atlanta, Georgia
Approx. annual tuition: $16,879
Degrees offered:

This is The Creative Circus, where real-world pros teach prospective pros to create great pieces of communication. It’s where you have the chance to develop a portfolio that shows off the talents you know you have, so the world can see how smart you really are.

This is a school that will teach you how to be a great Advertising Copywriter or Art Director. Or a great Graphic Designer or Photographer. But first we need to ask you a few questions. So for more information about The Creative Circus and how to apply, please fill out the short form below. Then we can get on with it.

Location: New York, New York
Approx. annual tuition: $16,370
Degrees offered: AAS, BA, BFA, BS, MA, MFA, MPS

FIT is fascinating. We are a public institution of higher education with ties to private industry designed to benefit our students. We have big city pizazz and high-end sophistication. But we boast a safe campus and a real-world mindset. We are the crossroads between commerce and creativity.

FIT is fashion. We are also design, fine arts, packaging, computer animation. We are technology, and also marketing, advertising, merchandising, production. And more. Our diverse programming has grown out of a rich history. Our Institutional Advancement is based on a clear mission. Our campus location and facilities are here to serve our college community.

Location: Chicago, Illinois
Approx. annual tuition: $57,078
Degrees offered: MBA, MDes, MDM, PhD

The Institute of Design (ID) is a graduate school of design at the Illinois Institute of Technology. We are dedicated to humanizing technology and improving the process of innovation, by developing and teaching a more methodological and human-centered approach to design. While most new products and services today are created in response to technology, marketing, or design trends, leading to a dizzying array of consumer choices that complicate our lives, we believe that real innovation starts with users’ needs and employs a set of reliable methods, theories and tools to create solutions to their problems.

Location: Kansas City, Missouri
Approx. annual tuition: $34,268
Degrees offered:

The mission of Kansas City Art Institute is to be a leader in visual arts and design education by preparing gifted students for lifelong creativity through intensive interaction with preeminent faculty and facilities and by stimulating active public awareness, support, and participation in the visual arts and design.

Location: Portland, Maine
Approx. annual tuition: $30,260
Degrees offered: BFA, MFA

Located in the heart of the Portland Arts District, Maine College of Art offers a Bachelor of Fine Arts, a Master of Fine Arts in Studio Arts, a Post-Baccalaureate in Art Education as well as Continuing Studies for adults and youths, including a Pre-College intensive for high school students.

The College has transformed a former department store into the main campus building with vibrant classrooms and studios that are open 24/7. Also located in the Porteous Building, the Institute of Contemporary Art at MECA serves a critical regional role in its commitment to presenting contemporary, provocative work by living artists from Maine and around the globe. The Joanne Waxman Library is one of the largest independent libraries in Northern New England and a major resource for the region.

Location: Baltimore, Maryland
Approx. annual tuition: $40,850
Degrees offered: BFA, MA, MAT, MBA, MFA

MICA’s undergraduate and graduate programs have consistently been ranked among the nation’s top programs in visual arts and design. Founded in 1826, MICA is the oldest fully accredited, degree-granting college of art in the country. This page offers a quick glimpse at key facts about the College, its history, leadership, and structure.

Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Approx. annual tuition: $29,700
Degrees offered: BFA, Certificate, MArch, MAT, MFA, MS

Born of a pioneering spirit, Massachusetts College of Art and Design is the nation’s first independent public college of art and design and the first art school to grant a degree.

MassArt’s founders dared to imagine a better future for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and to believe the path to it lay in creativity. Their goal in establishing the Massachusetts Normal Art School was to educate students in the creative process, which would in turn lead to the development of the mind, body, and spirit.

The institution they created was dedicated to producing drawing teachers required in schools throughout the commonwealth, while at the same time training professional artists, designers, and architects. It proudly opened its doors in 1873 to anyone with talent and the will to succeed-at a time when access for everyone was all too uncommon.

Location: Miami, Florida
Approx. annual tuition: $34,800
Degrees offered:

Miami Ad School graduates, with their global perspectives, have a giant leg up in today’s advertising world. Experience with clients from different cultures and different languages is a great career advantage. It will help you get a better job when you start and move you ahead faster from promising creative to Creative Director or from young planner to a Senior Planner.

So with Miami Ad School you have a terrific choice: start and complete your entire education in one of our six full-time schools in the USA, Europe or South America.

Or start in one full-time school, stay for one year getting a strong foundation and then study and intern in up to four other cities around the world in the USA, Europe, South America or Asia. (Choose from from the cities in the map above.) In each city your instructors are working industry professionals who teach you what you need to be successful in the business.

Location: New York, New York
Approx. annual tuition: $24,108
Degrees offered: AA, AAS, BFA, MFA, MPS

NYSID is the only institution of higher learning in New York devoted exclusively to the design of the interior environment. We are a nationally ranked, independent, accredited college of design and have been in continuous operation since 1916.

Our graduates go on to work in—and establish—prestigious commercial and private firms (like David Scott, Mica Ertegun, Anne Eisenhower, Rick Shaver, and Mariette Himes Gomez, to name a few). NYSID alumni, as well as current students, see their work regularly featured in publications like Interior Design, Elle Décor, Architectural Digest, and Metropolis. The people who work and study here love what they do; they’re committed to making a difference in the landscape of this profession. They win awards. They change the way we live.

Location: Los Angeles, California
Approx. annual tuition: $40,490
Degrees offered:

Otis prepares diverse students of art and design to enrich our world through their creativity, their skill, and their vision. The College offers an interdisciplinary education for 1,200 full-time students, awarding accredited BFA degrees in advertising, architecture/landscape/interiors, digital media, fashion design, graphic design, illustration, interactive product design, painting, photography, sculpture/new genres, and toy design; and MFA degrees in fine arts, graphic design, public practice, and writing. Continuing Education offers certificate programs as well as personal and professional development courses.

Location: New York, New York
Approx. annual tuition: $42,080
Degrees offered: AAS, BA, BBA, BFA, BS, Certificate, MA, MArch, MFA, MS

Parsons focuses on creating engaged citizens and outstanding artists, designers, scholars and business leaders through a design-based professional and liberal education.

Parsons students learn to rise to the challenges of living, working and creative decision making in a world where human experience is increasingly designed. The school embraces curricular innovation, pioneering uses of technology, collaborative methods and global perspectives on the future of design.

Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Approx. annual tuition: $34,280
Degrees offered:

The School of Design and Media offers a unique environment for anyone interested in pushing the boundaries of design and media in the digital age. The School stresses in-depth exploration of individual design disciplines while encouraging interdisciplinary collaboration in a real-world environment. The School of Design and Media is a place where conceptual thinking comes first, where design excellence is a given, and where intellectual curiosity and creative expression are not simply encouraged, but are held up as our highest values. Students graduate as professionals ready to take on the challenges and reap the rewards of a creative career.

The faculty in the School of Design and Media believe that design matters. Designers shape the world through creative problem solving, innovation, and by constantly pushing the envelope of what’s possible. The School’s approach combines an excellent broad-based education that encourages critical thinking in a global context, alongside a focused concentration on our students’ chosen design disciplines. The faculty of practicing professionals, state-of-the-art facilities, study abroad opportunities, and our collaborative approach to learning all contribute to creating a unique, nurturing, exciting, and creative environment within our School.

Location: Atlanta, Georgia
Approx. annual tuition:
Degrees offered:

If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up people to collect wood and don’t assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea. - Antoine de Saint-Exupery

Perhaps it’s the above quote that best characterizes the tiny world-class branding school tucked into the kudzu at the dead end of Bennett Street, in Atlanta, Georgia. It’s a philosophy embodied and propagated by founder Gemma Gatti, and by Hank Richardson, long-time teacher and, now, the school’s president.

Sometimes called the Perfect Storm, Richardson rarely sleeps. Each student is a mission, and every minute matters. He builds further on the ideals of the Bauhaus, eschewing dogma, and nudging students toward the day they become their own best teachers. As a result, the school is not defined by the strength of its programs or its tough curriculum, as important as those things are. Instead, it is defined by its spirit—its passion, which can’t be contained by the cinder-block walls.

Students don’t merely learn about design, advertising, photography, illustration, or media architecture; they learn to frame their values and to filter all their work through those; and they learn to value themselves and their lives, to embrace their responsibility to the world and to their own happiness. They learn that if it can be imagined, it can be created—and that they should never put limits on their imaginations.

Location: Brooklyn, New York
Approx. annual tuition: $42,866
Degrees offered: AAS, AOS, BA, BArch, BFA, BID, BPS, BS, Certificate, MA, MArch, MFA, MID, MPS, MS

The mission of Pratt Institute is to educate artists and creative professionals to be responsible contributors to society. Pratt seeks to instill in all graduates aesthetic judgment, professional knowledge, collaborative skills, and technical expertise. With a firm grounding in the liberal arts and sciences, a Pratt education blends theory with creative application in preparing graduates to become leaders in their professions. Pratt enrolls a diverse group of highly talented and dedicated students, challenging them to achieve their full potential.

Location: Providence, Rhode Island
Approx. annual tuition: $44,284
Degrees offered: BArch, BFA, MA, MArch, MAT, MDes, MFA, MID

Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), founded in 1877 in Providence, RI, is a vibrant community of artists and designers that includes 2,200 students from around the world, approximately 350 faculty and curators, and 400 staff members. Each year more than 200 prominent artists, critics, authors and philosophers visit our historic College Hill campus.

Location: Sarasota, Florida
Approx. annual tuition: $36,880
Degrees offered: BFA

Ringling College of Art and Design is a private, not-for-profit, fully accredited college offering the Bachelor’s degree in 13 disciplines: Advertising Design, Business of Art & Design, Computer Animation, Digital Film, Fine Arts, Game Art & Design, Graphic & Interactive Communication, Illustration, Interior Design, Painting, Photography & Digital Imaging, Printmaking and Sculpture. The College is a member of the Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design [AICAD] and is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Art and Design [NASAD], the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree [SACS], and by the First Professional Degree Level by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation [CIDA], formerly [FIDER].

Location: Savannah, Georgia
Approx. annual tuition: $32,950
Degrees offered: BA, BFA, MA, MArch, MFA, MUD

With more degree programs and specializations than any other art and design university in the United States, the Savannah College of Art and Design is uniquely qualified to prepare talented students for professional, creative careers. SCAD graduates are in demand to become the next generation of creative leadership. The statistics prove it: Within six months of graduation, 88 percent of 2007 SCAD alumni had secured jobs in their fields or had been admitted to graduate school.

SCAD is among the elite in national and international recognition, rankings and career placement. Named one of “America’s Best Colleges” and one of “America’s Best Graduate Schools” by U.S. News and World Report, and one of the nation’s “Most Interesting Schools” by Kaplan-Newsweek, SCAD offers a choice of degree programs in 42 majors, plus 52 minors. With campuses in Savannah and Atlanta, Ga., in Lacoste, France, and degree programs offered online through SCAD-eLearning, the university attracts students from all 50 states and more than 90 countries.

The innovative curriculum at SCAD emphasizes learning through individual attention in an inspiring university environment. The individuality of each student is nurtured and cultivated by more than 500 professors with extraordinary industry experience.

Location: New York, New York
Approx. annual tuition: $33,560
Degrees offered:

SVA offers undergraduate programs in Advertising, Animation, Cartooning, Computer Art, Film & Video, Fine Arts, Graphic Design, Illustration, Interior Design, Photography, and Visual and Critical Studies. The undergraduate program is a four-year, full-time Bachelor of Fine Arts degree program with courses offered throughout the day and evening.

Identifying which college will prepare an aspiring artist to meet the demands and challenges that await tomorrow’s professionals can be a difficult task. The outcome will vary for each individual, based on his or her interests, needs, abilities and focus. Students who choose SVA are often attracted by the breadth and professional standing of our faculty, the passion of our student body, the rigors of our curriculum, the industry standards within our studio facilities, and the energy and excitement that is New York City.

Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Approx. annual tuition: $29,716
Degrees offered: BA, BFA, BS, Certificate, MA, MArch, MEd, MFA, PhD

For over sixty-five years, Tyler School of Art has offered students the opportunity to pursue study of the arts within small learning communities while also providing the advantages afforded by a large comprehensive research institution. The Tyler curriculum encompasses programs in the fine arts, crafts, design, art history, art education, and architecture. Tyler students work with a faculty who are dedicated teachers, accomplished studio artists, and highly respected scholars.

From advanced technology to the most traditional methods, Tyler School of Art is dedicated to providing education in the arts to aspiring and talented students who share our belief that the arts are fundamental to life in the 21st Century. There has never been a more dynamic time to embark on a career in the visual arts.

If you want an education in the visual arts that will challenge you, enable you to explore and expand your ability to think creatively, refine your natural talents, and prepare you to be a leader in a society that is becoming more visually oriented each day, then a Tyler School of Art program is the right choice for you.

Location: Austin, Texas
Approx. annual tuition: $17,352
Degrees offered: BS, MA, PhD

This program molds students into fearless experimental thinkers who are primed to create innovative advertising, branding, and social messages that are delivered through a variety of integrated traditional and nontraditional media. The Texas Creative curriculum stresses big-idea branding, conceptual thinking, collaboration, and creative development through a series of selective courses and seminars: Beginning, Intermediate, and Advanced Portfolio Development, Capstone Portfolio, Copywriting, Art Direction, and many other frequent offerings. Upon completing the sequence, students graduate with portfolios, and a wealth of experience, that can assist them in landing positions in the industry.

Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Approx. annual tuition: $38,410
Degrees offered: Certificate, MA, MAT, MEd, MFA, MID

At the University of the Arts, creativity in all its forms overlaps and converges — like colors combining to form more vibrant hues. Musicians collaborate with media makers. Photographers work with designers, writers with performers.

For more than 130 years, we have defined creativity. The University of the Arts in Philadelphia is one of the only universities in the United States solely dedicated to educating creative individuals in the visual and performing arts and design. Our 2,100 undergraduate and graduate students and 500 faculty members are passionate about what they do, and in the process, are redefining the way we think, teach and create.

Location: Seattle, Washington
Approx. annual tuition: $31,968
Degrees offered: BA, BDes, BFA, MA, MDes, MFA, PhD

The School of Art (SoA) is a comprehensive learning environment that promotes creative and innovative practice in the study of Art, Art History, and Design.

With nearly 900 undergraduate and graduate students, we are one of the largest majors in the University of Washington College of Arts & Sciences. Beyond the classrooms and studios, our students have ample opportunity to showcase their work and research in symposia and exhibitions, and they are consistently recognized for their many achievements. In 2012, one student was awarded the Dean’s Medal, two were honored with a Timeless Award, and 125 students were included on the Dean’s List of Scholars.

More than forty faculty educate students in the SoA, complemented by an array of visiting artists, scholars, and designers who provide new perspectives and energy to the School. The faculty are leaders in their respective fields and are actively engaged with their research at the local, national, and international level. An average of 200 students earn degrees from the SoA each year, and our alumni have made significant contributions in a wide range of careers.

The SoA has comprehensive facilities in three locations—Art Building, Sand Point, CMA/3D4M—that includes numerous classrooms, studios and fabrication shops, three galleries, the Art Library, multiple computer labs, and an in-house café that donates profits to scholarships.

Experiences outside the traditional classroom are also encouraged through internships, study abroad, and partnerships with the Henry Art Gallery and the Seattle Art Museum. Study abroad opportunities offered by the SoA include programs in Italy, Spain, Japan, England, and the Netherlands.

Location: Richmond, Virginia
Approx. annual tuition: $19,500
Degrees offered:

The VCU Brandcenter is a graduate program in advertising and communications at Virginia Commonwealth University. The program has been recognized as America’s number one graduate school in advertising and marketing, most recently with the O’Toole Award in 2009 and by Creativity Magazine in 2007. Unlike many advertising schools, The VCU Brandcenter is more than a portfolio school as it offers students a master’s degree to compliment the advertising portfolio students create. The program is known within the advertising industry for its intensity. However, the students that who graduate from the program earn valuable real life experience to develop brands on a global scale.

Location: Nashville, Tennessee
Approx. annual tuition: $20,850
Degrees offered: BA, BFA, Certificate

Watkins College of Art, Design & Film offers a studio-based curriculum, supported by a strong academic foundation. The faculty and staff are committed to a learning-centered environment that challenges the student to engage the mind, train the eye and cultivate talent and skill into an active realization of creative potential.

The college is nationally accredited through the National Association of Schools of Art and Design (NASAD) and the Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Interior Design is additionally accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA), formerly known as the Foundation for Interior Design Education Research (FIDER). Watkins College of Art, Design & Film offers Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.) degrees in Film, Graphic Design, Interior Design, Fine Arts and Photography, a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Art , as well as a Post-Graduate Certificate in Film.

Location: New Haven, Connecticut
Approx. annual tuition: $33,500
Degrees offered: BA, MFA

Yale College, the undergraduate division of Yale University, offers a Bachelor of Arts degree program with a major in art. Undergraduate applicants wishing to major in art at Yale must apply to Yale College directly.

The program in art offers courses that, through work in a variety of media, provide an experience in the visual arts as part of a liberal education as well as preparation for graduate study and professional work. Courses at the 100 level stress the fundamental aspects of visual formulation and articulation. Courses numbered 200 through 499 offer increasingly intensive study leading to greater specialization in one or more of the visual disciplines such as graphic design, painting/printmaking, photography, and sculpture.